What Is The Risk Factor In The Hospital?

What is a risk factor in medical terms?

Risk factor: Something that increases a person’s chances of developing a disease.

For example, cigarette smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, and obesity is a risk factor for heart disease..

What are the 5 risk factors?

The five risk factors are: increased blood pressure (greater than 130/85 mmHg)…Your doctor may check one or more of the following:waist circumference.fasting blood triglycerides.cholesterol levels.blood pressure.fasting glucose level.

Which is the most common hospital acquired infection?

Hospital-acquired infections are caused by viral, bacterial, and fungal pathogens; the most common types are bloodstream infection (BSI), pneumonia (eg, ventilator-associated pneumonia [VAP]), urinary tract infection (UTI), and surgical site infection (SSI).

What are the 6 health risk factors?

23 These six prior- ity health-risk behaviors are: alcohol and other drug use, behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence (including suicide), tobacco use, unhealthy dietary behaviors, physical inactivity and sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted …

Who is most at risk from hospital acquired infections?

All hospitalized patients are susceptible to contracting a nosocomial infection. Some patients are at greater risk than others-young children, the elderly, and persons with compromised immune systems are more likely to get an infection.

What is the chance of surviving pneumonia?

Most people do eventually recover from pneumonia. However, the 30-day mortality rate is 5 to 10 percent of hospitalized patients. It can be up to 30 percent in those admitted to intensive care.

What are the 3 risk factors?

The three categories of risk factors are detailed here:Increasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…•

What are the 3 health risk factors?

Risk factors and disease burden.Tobacco smoking.Excessive alcohol consumption.Abnormal blood lipids (dyslipidaemia)Nutrition.Insufficient physical activity.Overweight and obesity Overweight and obesity – expandOverweight and obesity – collapse. Causes of overweight and obesity. Who is overweight?High blood pressure.More items…•

What are common risk factors?

Depression, diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, unhealthy diet, smoking, physical inactivity and excess alcohol consumption have been identified by the WHO Global Health Observatory data as common and preventable risk factors that underlie most NCDs.

What is the biggest risk factor for hospital acquired pneumonia?

Risk factors for hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) include mechanical ventilation for > 48 h, residence in an ICU, duration of ICU or hospital stay, severity of underlying illness, and presence of comorbidities. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Enterobacter are the most common causes of HAP.

What are risk factors in nursing?

Risk factors are characteristics or experiences of patients that make them more likely to develop a disease (or not) or to get better (or worse) when exposed to the risk-increasing factor. Risk factor was coined in 1961 by Kannel and associates, who conducted the large observational study known as the Framingham study.

What are the two most important risk factors for falls?

Common risk factors for fallsthe fear of falling.limitations in mobility and undertaking the activities of daily living.impaired walking patterns (gait)impaired balance.visual impairment.reduced muscle strength.poor reaction times.More items…